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Animal Law Lawyer

Farm Animals: Is That Legal in the U.S.?

Click on the images below to find out how these products are made. Approximately ten billion land animals are raised and killed annually in the United States, for food.  Farmed animals–those raised for the meat, dairy, and egg industries are among the most battered....

Abolitionists And Welfarists Part I

Opinions on animal issues vary.  There are three different camps; absolute animal rights on one end, animal welfare in the middle, and at the opposite end, the conviction that animals do not deserve any moral consideration.  Many people may find that their views do...

How Laws Are Made in Canada

A bill is a proposed law under consideration by a legislature. A bill does not become law until it is passed by the legislature and, in most cases, approved by the executive.  Once a bill has been enacted into law, it is called an Act or a Statute. A bill could have...

Animals And The Criminal Code

Introduction Part XI of the Criminal Code of Canada addresses cruelty against animals.  Animals in Canada and many other countries are treated exclusively as property by the law.  The primary objective of sections 444 to 447 is to place certain animals in a specific...

Farm Animals – Is That Legal In Canada Part IV

In all the Canadian provinces, farm animals have marginal legal protections. They can only rely on laws that explicitly or implicitly apply the federal Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals (Codes).[1]  The Codes are developed and...